Energy challenges in Nigeria

The rate at which trees are felled for domestic fuel in Nigeria is alarming. The impact on the environment is equally disheartening. The continual rise in the demand for energy for domestic purposes is a factor responsible for. The nation’s population is growing, so is the demand for energy. Most of the trees are felled for cooking. Families have to feed and what ever form of energy they can afford or that is accessible to them, they go out for.
Many households, due to poverty, can not afford to purchase kerosene for cooking and for other domestic purposes. Poverty is a big issue in Nigeria. Many families live below poverty line and struggle daily to get by.

Next to this is the issue of accessibility to renewable energy for domestic purposes. Despite the remarkable progress that the world is making in the area of renewable energy, the benefits have not trickled down to rural people. Making this form of energy available to rural people is a challenge. Cost and access to the technology are factors responsible for why this form of energy is not fully available to rural people. Most people live in rural areas in Nigeria and their activities have significant impact on the environment.

Nigeria has had several energy crises over the years. Poor investment in the energy sector coupled with the problem of corruption had resulted in the near break down of the industry. More than half of the country’s daily energy supply are refined abroad and imported into the country. Many of the refineries are either shut down or are producing below capacity. Nigeria has the 7th largest energy reserves in the world..

Desertification is rapidly spreading in the North of the country. Human activities coupled with natural causes are responsible for. The discriminate felling of trees highlight the extent how human activities contribute to the problem.
With desertification comes migration.When people can no longer depend on their land, they migrate. Along the way comes the problem of conflict over resources with others.
The approaches adopted to solving the problem of indiscriminate tress felling and environmental issues in Nigeria by government and its development partners have not being really successful. The great reliance on tree planting exercises are nothing more than photo shot opportunity for politicians. The trees die as soon as they are planted as no one takes care of them afterwards.

The key to resolving this environmental issue in Nigeria is to fix the refineries. People will have no cause to cut down trees for energy if refined oil for domestic uses are readily available and accessible. Investment should be made to renewable sources of energy. Think of the jobs that will come with these. The world should stop boring developing countries with sermons on global warming and on the benefits of renewable energy if they are not fully committed to helping these countries develop the technology.
Lets remember that man needs energy to stay alive. Lets give him the option to acquire it in an environmentally sensible way.

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